Back in October I published a case study of a serverless website: returntrue.win. This website runs on AWS Lambda using Bref.
A new major version of Bref (v0.3) was released this month and it comes with completely new internals. I was curious, as many others were, of what it meant for performances.
I benchmarked 2 websites:
- the current returntrue.win website running with Bref 0.2
- the same website running with Bref 0.3
I made sure both lambdas were using the same configuration, which is 1024M of RAM. For those not aware, the amount of RAM available is proportional to the CPU power allocated to the lambda.
The page that we are testing is running with a custom PHP framework (not optimized, no cache), uses Twig without cache and performs 1 query to DynamoDB.
It is important to note as well that I am reporting the execution time of the lambda (i.e. the application), not the whole HTTP response time. Since we use API Gateway we need to consider that API Gateway adds about 15ms to lambda's execution times.
Cold starts happen when a new lambda instance is provisioned. By triggering around 20 cold starts for each function I did not see a difference.
In both cases cold starts where around 650ms.
That's a bit disappointing, hopefully we can improve this a bit. I did some tests with 2048M of RAM and cold starts where brought down to 450-500ms.
After testing the cold starts I did performance tests on warm lambdas by running:
ab -c 1 -n 500 https://returntrue.win/
This is very good news: the website runs 6 times faster on average!
With an average response time of 39ms instead of 250ms, building website or APIs on AWS Lambda becomes a lot more interesting. You can check out below the detailed graph to see how results spread out:
- red lines: Bref 0.2 (minimum, average, maximum)
- green lines: Bref 0.3 (minimum, average, maximum)
I did some tests again with 2048M of memory and results improved even more: 35ms of average response time, with a minimum of 20ms and a maximum of 65ms.
These results should be taken with a grain of salt as we are testing a small application here. I intend to do more tests in the near future, and I encourage others to do some as well.
However this is very encouraging! Being able to run PHP applications under 100ms on AWS Lambda is great news as it continues to open more possibilities.
As a side note I have now deployed returntrue.win on Bref v0.3.
And if you want to give a try to Bref head over to bref.sh.